Hand Forms

Wing Chun has Three empty-hand forms. The three empty hand forms are Siu Lim Tao, Chum Kiu, and Biu Jee.

Sil Lim Tao Form

Siu Lim Tao is practiced in a stationary horse stance using only arm movements. Proper practice of Siu Lim Tao enables the student to develop proper abdominal breathing, independent arm movement, focus, stance/stability, and proper energy.

Proper Abdominal Breathing - Constricting the rib cage through the use of arm positioning forces abdominal breathing.

Independent arm movement - Developed by maintaining one arm in a continuous tight chamber (arm is pulled back as if performing an elbow strike with the forearm parallel to the floor) while the other arm is performing the various movements and techniques.

Constant Focus - Focus is maintained on the motions and stress placed on each arm the student develops an awareness of each arm. Focus is developed during the practice of Siu Lim Tao, which when performed properly takes at least a half-hour, as the position of every single body part must be maintained.

Stance/stability - developed by the stationary position of the form. This enhances the students leg strength and gets the student accustomed to the stance.

Chum Kiu Form

Chum Kiu - Chum (search), Kiu (bridge). Translated means, "search for the bridge", or "bridging the gap". A bridge is created when one of your arms makes contact with the arm of an opponent. During Chum Kiu new hand positions, kicks and movement are introduced.

Hand positions are biu jee, low bong sao, palm strikes, arm break, lop sao, biu sao, and double palm strike. Kicks used are front kicks and low side kicks. The front kicks are with the ball of the foot, heel, and the entire foot.

Movement - The practitioner moves from a stationary stance to various stances during the performance of the techniques. This enables the practitioner to become familiar with stances and footwork required to take advantage of positioning or alter positions to a more advantageous one.

In Chum Kiu, techniques are more apparent as well as the footwork required. This form stresses the importance of mobility and the coordination of movements to achieve maximum effect.

Biu Chee Form

Biu Jee is translated as "darting fingers" or "flying fingers." This is the third and final empty hand form in Wing Chun. This form as the name suggests emphasizes on finger jabs. Biu Jee also incorporates elbows, chun sao, various types of biu jee, gan sao, and kwan sao. This form enables the practitioner to have a better understanding of the various hand techniques in various applications. This form conditions the practitioner to use the various strikes and techniques at real speed.